Implementing PHP in Java brings benefits to both PHP users and pure
Java users. And developers who are clever enough to use PHP in combination
with Java will gain the most.
PHP developers will gain from using Quercus, even if they have no
intention of writing Java code. Because Quercus is written for Resin,
a Java application server, it gains all the advantages of Java applications
- Security: since Quercus and its modules are entirely in Java, C
pointer overruns and segmentation violations are no longer possible.
- Scalability: PHP programs can take advantage of
sessions in PHP and load balancing.
- Performance: Quercus outperforms a straight mod_php implementation
by about 4x (for Mediawiki and Drupal). Quercus roughly matches
PHP performance with accelerators like APC.
- Caching: PHP applications using Quercus can immediately take
advantage of Resin's proxy caching.
They can also use the PHP APC caching API since the APC functions are
included with Quercus.
- Connection pooling, transactions, JMS: PHP programs using Quercus
automatically take advantage of Resin's connection pooling, and can
use the full distributation transactions, and Java capabilities like JMS.
- Java tools: PHP developers can use Java tools like profilers to
get in-depth information about the PHP program performance.
- Java developers can use Quercus immediately to deploy PHP applications
such as MediaWiki, Drupal, Wordpress, Gallery2 and DocuWiki.
- Since Resin's administration uses PHP to script JMX beans, Resin
users can customize the administration views of the JMX management.
Although PHP users and Java users can take advantage of Quercus
immediately without modifying their application, the real benefits
come from developing mixed Java/PHP applications:
- PHP libraries written in Java are fast, safe, and relatively
easy to develop, compared with C libraries. Since Java is the library
language, developers won't need to be paranoid about third-party libraries
having C-memory problems or segvs.
- PHP applications can take advantage of Java libraries and capabilities
like JMS, SOA frameworks, Hibernate, or Spring. (Or EJB if you really wanted.)
- Java application can move presentation code to PHP, leaving behind
templating systems, or languages with small libraries, and taking advantage
of PHP flexibility and capability.
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