resin Resin 3.0 tutorial Basic Security and Resin's XmlAuthenticator This tutorial covers the basics of JSP and Servlet security and the use of Resin's XmlAuthenticator. index.jsp XmlAuthenticator authenticator security basic
The main JSP/Servlet configuration file The home page for the website The JSP page containing the login form A JSP page that causes a logout The home page for authenticated users. The more specific home page for Professor's, available only to users in role 'professor' The more specific home page for Student's, available to users in role 'student' or in role 'professor' The more specific home page for Staff, available to users in role 'staff' or in role 'professor' An include file to render a button bar An include file to render a footer An include file to stop the browser from caching pages

Each user belongs to one or more . These roles are similar to groups in Unix. The possible roles are specified in .

In this example, a user is either a , a , or a . They can also optionally have an additional role of , , , or , indicating which house they belong to (or none at all).

<security-role> <role-name>professor</role-name> </security-role>

You can limit areas of the website to users in a certain . You specify url patterns in and the role that is required. In JSP/Servlet terminology, this is called .

<security-constraint> <web-resource-collection> <web-resource-name>Professors</web-resource-name> <url-pattern>/professors/*</url-pattern> </web-resource-collection> <auth-constraint> <role-name>professor</role-name> </auth-constraint> </security-constraint>

A login form can be used to retrieve the username and password from the user. The same form or a seperate form can be used when the login fails.

In this example the login form and the error form are in the same JSP file. If the form is being redisplayed because of an error the request parameter is set to '1'.

<login-config> <auth-method>form</auth-method> <form-login-config> <form-login-page>/login.jsp</form-login-page> <form-error-page>/login.jsp?login_error=1</form-error-page> </form-login-config> ... </login-config> <form action='j_security_check' method='POST'> <table> <tr><td>User:</td><td><input type='text' name='j_username'></td></tr> <tr><td>Password:</td><td><input type='password' name='j_password'></td></tr> <tr><td colspan='2'><input type=submit></td></tr> </table> <!-- - In case the user got here without a session, redirect - successful requests to the home page for authenticated - users. (This is a non-standard, but useful field.) --> <input type='hidden' name='j_uri' value='/home.jsp'/> </form>

Resin will cause a login to occur when a url that points to a secure area is used. You do not make a url directly to the jsp page that contains the login form.

In this example, is in a secure area, so an unauthenticated user trying to access it will first be presented with the login form.

<security-constraint> <web-resource-collection> <web-resource-name>Home</web-resource-name> <url-pattern>/home.jsp</url-pattern> </web-resource-collection> <auth-constraint> <!-- '*' for a <role-name> means "authenticated user with any role" The user must be logged in with some kind of role to access the home page. --> <role-name>*</role-name> </auth-constraint> </security-constraint> <a href="<c:url value='/home.jsp'/>">login</a>

If the user has done a successfull login, we say that they have been . returns if the user has not been authenticated.

In this example it is used to determine whether a 'login' or a 'logout' link should be presented.

<c:choose> <c:when test="${'${'}empty pageContext.request.userPrincipal}"> <a href="<c:url value='home.jsp'/>">login</a> </c:when> <c:otherwise> <a href="<c:url value='logout.jsp'/>">logout</a> </c:otherwise> </c:choose>
Welcome <c:out value="${'${'}pageContext.request.remoteUser}"/>.

You can also determine if a user is in a certain role in the body of the page using . In JSP/Servlet terminology, this is called .

In this example, the redirects the user to a more specific home page if the user is a , , or .

<% /** redirect to a more specific homepage if one is available */ String home_url = null; if (request.isUserInRole("professor")) { home_url = "professors/"; } else if (request.isUserInRole("staff")) { home_url = "staff/"; } else if (request.isUserInRole("student")) { home_url = "students/"; } if (home_url != null) { home_url = response.encodeRedirectUrl(home_url); response.sendRedirect(home_url); return; // don't do any more of the page } %>

Pages with information that changes depending on whether or not there is a known user should not be cached by the browser.

In this example an include file is used to send the HTTP headers that stop the browser from caching the page. It is used for each page that shows the button bar at the top, because the button bar changes depending on whether or not the user is logged in.

<%-- stop the browser from caching the page --%> <% response.setHeader("Cache-Control","no-cache,post-check=0,pre-check=0"); response.setHeader("Pragma","no-cache"); response.setHeader("Expires","Thu,01Dec199416:00:00GMT"); %> <%@ include file="/inc/nobrowsercache.jspf" %>

A user can be logged out by invalidating the session. This causes all of the information stored in the session to be lost. It is especially important to make sure that the logout page is not cached by the browser.

<%@ include file="/inc/nobrowsercache.jspf" %> <%-- invalidating the session causes a loss of all session information, including the identity of the user --%> <% session.invalidate(); %>

Resin provides an authenticator which is useful for sites which have minimal security requirements. The developer places entries for users in the authenticator configuration, or in an xml file, or both.

The example below uses digest passwords. Digest passwords avoid the storage of passwords in cleartext, and are discussed under the security section of the Resin documentation.

<!-- Resin-specific XmlAuthenticator configuration --> <authenticator> <type></type> <init> <!-- Optionally put user information here. --> <user>pince:Txpd1jQc/xwhISIqodEjfw==:staff,website</user> <user>filch:KmZIq2RKXAHV4BaoNHfupQ==:staff</user> <!-- You can also use an external file --> <path>WEB-INF/password.xml</path> </init> </authenticator> <!-- password.xml --> <authenticator> <!-- professors --> <user name='snape' password='I7HdZr7CTM6hZLlSd2o+CA==' roles='professor,slytherin'/> <user name='mcgonagall' password='4slsTREVeTo0sv5hGkZWag==' roles='professor,gryffindor'/> <!-- students --> <user name='harry' password='uTOZTGaB6pooMDvqvl2Lbg==' roles='student,gryffindor'/> <user name='dmalfoy' password='yI2uN1l97Rv5E6mdRnDFwQ==' roles='student,slytherin'/> <!-- alumni --> <user name='lmalfoy' password='sj/yhtU1h4LZPw7/Uy9IVA==' roles='alumni,gryffindor'/> </authenticator>